Categories
Latter-day Saint History

Bruce R. McConkie 101

“Mormon Doctrine” and his final testimony are only part of the story.

Bruce R. McConkie left a lasting legacy as an Apostle in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. People still talk about his mastery of the scriptures, the impact of Mormon Doctrine, and his correspondence with Eugene England. Elder McConkie’s final testimony also remains profoundly influential, having marked a shift in the way Latter-day Saints talk about Jesus Christ. We’ll cover all of these things and more in our introduction to the life of Bruce Redd McConkie.


Sign up to be notified when we publish new content, such as posts about Joseph Smith, Truman Madsen, and the Kirtland Temple.


Table of Contents


Final talk

Bruce R. McConkie’s final testimony may be what people most remember about the Latter-day Saint Apostle. His 1985 general conference talk about Jesus Christ was so candid and powerful that it helped shape an increased church-wide emphasis on the Savior.

Elder McConkie shared “The Purifying Power of Gethsemane” roughly two weeks before he passed away. He was so weakened by cancer that his doctor was concerned he might pass out on television. Despite his poor health, McConkie bore a memorable witness of Jesus Christ:

I am one of his witnesses, and in a coming day I shall feel the nail marks in his hands and in his feet and shall wet his feet with my tears.

But I shall not know any better then than I know now that he is God’s Almighty Son, that he is our Savior and Redeemer, and that salvation comes in and through his atoning blood and in no other way.

Quotation from Bruce R. McConkie’s final talk

Learn more. We have an entire article about Bruce R. McConkie’s final talk with some inspirational gems, including a story by Amelia McConkie.


Family

Bruce Redd McConkie was the son of Oscar Walter McConkie and Margaret Vivian Redd. He was born in Ann Arbor, Michigan, in 1915 and moved with his family to Utah a year later. Bruce’s father, Oscar, was a man known for his strong faith. Biographer Dennis B. Horne calls Oscar Sr. “a man of faith like unto Enoch and Elijah” who counted prominent church members like James E. Talmage, J. Reuben Clark, and David O. McKay as friends.

Fun fact. Oscar McConkie was the author of two gospel-themed books, A Study of the Holy Ghost and A Dialogue at Golgotha.

Bruce married Amelia Smith McConkie in 1937. As he would later tell a large group of Brigham Young University students, he never asked God whether the marriage was right, because it simply made so much sense to him. The couple’s first child, Bruce Redd Jr., died shortly after his birth, and was buried in the Smith plot in the Salt Lake City Cemetery. Amelia told me in a 1999 interview that she considered his death a “tithing” on her family (Bruce and Amelia had nine children).

Amelia’s father would go on to play an influential role in her husband’s life. Joseph Fielding Smith spent Bruce’s adult life as an Apostle. The two men would often talk about the gospel, even when Bruce was dating Amelia. Years later, when compiling Joseph Fielding Smith’s Doctrines of Salvation, Elder McConkie would sometimes even write a passage and ask the Apostle to sign his name. The two were kindred spirits in doctrinal matters.

When Smith died roughly a year after being called to serve as President of the Church, Harold B. Lee called Bruce to fill his vacancy as a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.

Bruce is also the brother of Oscar W. McConkie Jr., a founding partner in the Kirton McConkie law firm.


Bruce R. McConkie’s church service

Brother McConkie became Elder Bruce R. McConkie when he was called to serve as a general authority in 1946. His full-time church service lasted nearly 40 years, during which time he developed close relationships with fellow general authorities such as Boyd K. Packer, Thomas S. Monson, and Glenn L. Rudd. He also set an example for contemporary leaders such as Henry B. Eyring, Dallin H. Oaks, and Russell M. Nelson.

Timeline

  • October 1946. President David O. McKay called Bruce R. McConkie to serve in the First Council of the Seventy. He was “set apart” by George Albert Smith.
  • April 1947. Bruce R. McConkie gave his first general conference talk in which he bore testimony of Jesus Christ, Joseph Smith, and George Albert Smith (then president of the Church).
  • June 1961. President Henry D. Moyle ordained Elder McConkie as a high priest.
  • July 1961. Bruce and Amelia McConkie commenced a three-year period of service presiding over the Australia Mission. The mission doubled during the term of their service, and Amelia played a key role in establishing a sisters-only district of missionaries.
  • October 1972. Harold B. Lee called Bruce R. McConkie to serve as an Apostle. Bruce shared the news with his wife during an intimate walk at This Is the Place Heritage Park. According to a source that Dennis B. Horne says will be released later this year, President Lee had someone else in mind to fill Joseph Fielding Smith’s vacancy in the Twelve, but called Bruce R. McConkie after going before the Lord in the Holy of Holies in the Salt Lake Temple.
  • April 1985. Bruce R. McConkie shared his powerful final testimony in general conference. He died from cancer nearly two weeks later at his home near Temple Square in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Bruce R. McConkie and the scriptures

Elder McConkie had a passionate love for the scriptures. Entire books can be written about his relationship with the standard works, but these bullet points give a taste for his relationship with the Bible, Book of Mormon, Doctrine and Covenants, and Pearl of Great Price:

  • Scripture study habits. Elder McConkie and his family members were often asked about his approach to scripture study. Even scholars like Truman G. Madsen asked what his secret was. The secret is… that there was no secret. He simply “paid the price” for scripture knowledge, studying with “frequency, intensity, and consistency,” according to Joseph Fielding McConkie.
  • Personal assignments. Elder McConkie was constantly memorizing scriptural verses. He would then assign himself a topic and draft talks on walks to work or drives to stake conferences. Most of these talks were never written down or shared from the pulpit. “He would just find a time and a way to learn something because he wanted to,” said his son.
  • Applications. Bruce R. McConkie had the entire standard works memorized nearly word-for-word, and he was often called upon to repeat verses from memory in real time discussions with church leaders. His familiarity with the scriptures also led him to share doctrinal concerns with Mark Hofmann forgeries such as the Joseph Smith III blessing and Salamander Letter.
  • Humility. One of his missionaries in Australia told me of an event he witnessed while seated on the stand behind then “President McConkie” at a church meeting. McConkie referenced a verse, quickly opened his scriptures, and began to read—or so it seemed. The missionary was surprised at how quickly Elder McConkie had found the verse, but then noticed that his scriptures were opened up to an entirely different section. He commented that Elder McConkie hadn’t wanted to appear arrogant by blatantly reciting a memorized verse.

Mormon Doctrine

Mormon Doctrine was first published in 1958 and is an integral part of Bruce R. McConkie’s legacy. However the book carries a fair amount of controversy and has been out of print since 2010.

For years, Mormon Doctrine was one of the most popular sources for answers about Latter-day Saint theology. The encyclopedic reference work covered topics ranging from the fall of Adam and the atonement of Jesus Christ to entries about Catholicism and the veneration of Mary.

The main controversies surrounding Mormon Doctrine are probably four-fold. They deal with the book’s tone and content, as well as its publication history.

1. Authoritative tone

Elder McConkie wrote with an authoritative tone. Combined with the book’s declarative title and McConkie’s growing reputation as a scriptural scholar, it could convey the idea that everything found within the book was official “Mormon doctrine.”

“It was often quoted over the pulpit and treated by members as quasi-official,” said Peggy Fletcher Stack of the Salt Lake Tribune.

The book also influenced the Bible Dictionary, which sometimes included passages with near-identical wording to related sections of Mormon Doctrine. While McConkie himself said that these entries might contain errors and shouldn’t be considered doctrine, they nonetheless combined with the authoritative tone of McConkie’s book to form one of Mormon Doctrine’s controversies.


2. Offensive entries

Mormon Doctrine sometimes included offensive content. Popular examples include Elder McConkie’s identification of the Roman Catholic Church as the church of the devil (or the “great and abominable church” from the Book of Mormon), and notations that Cain received “a mark of dark skin, and he became the ancestor of the black race.” Due in part to offensive entries, first edition copies of Mormon Doctrine routinely command several hundred dollars each.


3. Errors

A small commission established by the First Presidency identified over 1,000 errors in Mormon Doctrine. While it’s unclear what these errors were, Joseph Fielding McConkie has suggested that Mark E. Peterson flagged each reference to the Joseph Smith Translation (JST) as an “error.” However, this would still leave the majority of errors unidentified, as biographer Dennis B. Horne has found that JST references would account for only about one-fifth of the concerns noted by Elder Peterson.


4. Second Edition permission

There are competing accounts about whether Bruce R. McConkie violated the wishes of President David O. McKay in publishing additional editions of Mormon Doctrine.

Joseph Fielding McConkie and Dennis B. Horne assert that Bruce had the permission of David O. McKay to publish a second edition, while McKay biographer Greg Prince makes the opposite claim.

Curiously, Prince doesn’t cite either McConkie or Horne as a counterargument in his treatise on President McKay. “It was difficult enough to wrap my mind and arms around David O. McKay, and so I concentrated on him as the centerpiece,” Prince wrote me in an email intended for publication. “I’ve not read either author, and so I can’t offer even an opinion.”

A new potential source came to light recently when Horne published text from a June 26, 2017 audio interview with Bruce’s brother, Oscar:

When I determined to retire from Kirton and McConkie, I was in my 85th year. I went to the First Presidency meeting to advise the First Presidency. As always, President Monson was kind to me and praised my lawyering. This was at a time when a book had been published about President David O. McKay in which it was falsely stated that Bruce had republished his book Mormon Doctrine without President McKay’s consent.

President Monson went out of his way to say, so that it would be in the recorded minutes of the First Presidency, “Bruce and I got President McKay’s permission to republish Bruce’s Mormon Doctrine.”

Oscar W. McConkie Jr. on Thomas Monson and Mormon Doctrine

Mormon Doctrine no longer plays the role within the Church that it did during McConkie’s life. However, its influence can still be seen, and a strong history of the church from the 1960s to 2010s would probably be incomplete without mention of Elder McConkie and his best-known book.

Fun fact. Bruce R. McConkie gave his first copy of Mormon Doctrine to his friend, Glenn Rudd.


Bruce R. McConkie books

Bruce R. McConkie was a prolific writer even outside of Mormon Doctrine. He wrote three book series, including the Messiah series, the Doctrinal New Testament Commentary, and Doctrines of Salvation. He published several other doctrinal books—and there are also some that have yet to be published. Plus, there are now three biographies of Elder McConkie.


Messiah series

Bruce R. McConkie’s “Messiah series” is a six-volume set of books that covers the Savior’s life from pre-mortality through the Millennium. As part of his research process, Elder McConkie read the standard works three times, looking for every reference to the pre-mortal, mortal, and millennial Messiah. He drew upon James E. Talmage’s Jesus the Christ, and incorporated other Restoration sources such as D&C 138 and the Joseph Smith Translation (JST).

  1. The Promised Messiah.
  2. The Mortal Messiah, Volume 1.
  3. The Mortal Messiah, Volume 2.
  4. The Mortal Messiah, Volume 3.
  5. The Mortal Messiah, Volume 4.
  6. The Millennial Messiah.

Doctrinal New Testament Commentary

The Doctrinal New Testament Commentary is a verse-by-verse breakdown of the New Testament as found in both the King James Version and the JST. The series was published from 1965 to 1973 (prior to inclusion of the JST in Latter-day Saint scriptures).

  1. Volume 1: The Gospels
  2. Volume 2: Acts–Philippians
  3. Volume 3: Colossians–Revelation

Other published books

Unsurprisingly, Bruce R. McConkie’s other published works focus heavily on doctrinal matters. These include a compilation of his father-in-law’s teachings, his final published book, and a grouping of his own teachings (collected by his son, Mark L. McConkie).

  • Doctrines of Salvation. Bruce R. McConkie compiled sermons, correspondence, and other writings of President Joseph Fielding Smith for a three-volume series of his father-in-law’s teachings. Joseph Fielding McConkie said that the joint writing project published from 1954–56 “created a wonderful opportunity for President Smith to mentor the young Seventy.”
  • A New Witness for the Articles of Faith. Elder McConkie approached the Articles of Faith in a different manner than James E. Talmage. Rather than focus on biblical sources, McConkie emphasized contributions of the Restoration. His first four chapter notably encompass only the first two words of the Articles of Faith, “We believe.”
  • Doctrines of the Restoration. Mark L. McConkie compiled many of his father’s statements and teachings (including hard-to-find material) for Doctrines of the Restoration—much like Bruce had done for his father-in-law in Doctrines of Salvation. This book was later republished under the title, Sermons & Writings of Bruce R. McConkie.

Unpublished books

There are many unpublished manuscripts attributed to Bruce R. McConkie, although a true inventory has yet to be published. A few interesting unpublished books include an analysis of the Book of Mormon, a 10-volume series on the Journal of Discourses, and a doctrinal treatise differentiating Elohim, Jehovah, and Michael:

  • Book of Mormon Analysis. Bruce R. McConkie cross-referenced and analyzed each verse in the Book of Mormon when he was 19. However, these research findings haven’t been published—and they never will be. Dennis B. Horne records a 1964 Church News article in which McConkie’s daughter said that he threw the analysis away. “The papers weren’t important,” she recalls him saying. “The understanding they had given him was.”
  • Sound Doctrine: The Journal of Discourses Series. At one point, Elder McConkie planned a 10-volume edition of the Journal of Discourses that removed what he thought of as questionable doctrine. However, the project was nixed by J. Reuben Clark, despite an advertisement for the first volume appearing in the December 1955 Improvement Era. Joseph Fielding McConkie later published a single volume in his own version of the series, titled Journal of Discourses Digest Volume 1.
  • These Three: Elohim, Jehovah, and Michael. Dennis B. Horne calls this unpublished work “the best and most insightful doctrinal work that I have ever read.” He said that the unpublished manuscript traces the roles of Elohim, Jehovah, and Michael throughout the Plan of Salvation.

Bruce R. McConkie biographies

There are several biographies of Bruce R. McConkie in various stages:

  • Bruce R. McConkie: Highlights From His Life and Teachings. The first biography of Bruce R. McConkie was published by Dennis B. Horne and Eborn Books in 2000. The pioneering work was published without the blessing of the entire McConkie family, a reality that made Horne nervous when he received a call from President Gordon B. Hinckley. However, rather than calling to censure Horne, the prophet was requesting copies of the book for himself and his counselors. Horne published a Second Edition in 2010 with a large amount of new content.
  • The Bruce R. McConkie Story: Reflections of a Son. Joseph Fielding McConkie published a biography of his father in the aftermath of Horne’s 2000 work. It’s now out of print and can be difficult to find, but benefitted from access to Bruce R. McConkie’s private papers and family records.
  • Bruce R. McConkie: Apostle and Polemicist. A Signature Books biography written by Devery S. Anderson will be published later this year. We’ll have an interview with the author before too long, so stay tuned (or subscribe to be notified when we publish new content).

1978 priesthood revelation

Bruce R. McConkie played several notable roles in association with the 1978 priesthood revelation. For years, he had advocated a position that wasn’t amenable to extending the priesthood to those of African American descent. Elder McConkie’s firm mindset and doctrinal influence may have been partly responsible for Spencer W. Kimball’s request to draft a scriptural analysis about race and the priesthood. After writing the brief, Elder McConkie changed his views and advocated for dropping the priesthood ban. He was also present when the priesthood revelation was received in 1978, and subsequently drafted the text for Official Declaration 2.


Receiving the revelation

President Kimball spent several years working individually with various Apostles until he felt there was a majority opinion in favor of a policy change. Having worked diligently to obtain unity among his brethren, President Kimball then led a special prayer in the Salt Lake Temple on June 1, 1978.

It resulted in powerful spiritual experiences for the brethren who were present, and was preceded by several brethren speaking in favor of lifting the priesthood ban—including Elder McConkie.

At the request of President Kimball, Elder McConkie drafted an account of the 1978 priesthood revelation, making use of his trademark poetic style:

All of the Brethren at once knew and felt in their souls what the answer to the importuning petition of President Kimball was. All knew with one voice what the intent and purpose of the Lord was with reference to the priesthood. Nothing could have been more clearly and forcibly presented. Some of the Brethren were weeping. All were sober and somewhat overcome. When President Kimball stood up, several of the Brethren, in turn, threw their arms around him and each of the Brethren knew that an answer had been received and that the voice of the Lord had been heard. All knew what should be done.

Excerpt from Elder McConkie’s account of the 1978 priesthood revelation

Communicating change

While it was a momentous and miraculous event, the change was also difficult for some members—including those who were used to seeing Elder McConkie as a source of doctrinal authority. There was a temptation for some to hold fast to Elder McConkie’s earlier statements.

This cognitive dissonance led to a remarkable demonstration of Bruce R. McConkie’s humility. One of the most memorable Elder McConkie quotes addresses this issue head-on:

Forget everything that I have said, or what President Brigham Young or President George Q. Cannon or whomsoever has said in days past that is contrary to the present revelation. We spoke with a limited understanding and without the light and knowledge that now has come into the world.

Bruce R. McConkie, in the aftermath of the 1978 priesthood revelation

Writing Official Declaration 2

As a fitting capstone, Bruce R. McConkie drafted the written revelation now known as Official Declaration 2 in the Doctrine and Covenants. (Two other Apostles also wrote drafts, but the prophet elected to use the now-canonized language of Elder McConkie.)


Changing Mormon Doctrine

Elder McConkie removed references to his old related viewpoints in all future editions of Mormon Doctrine, and replaced them with enthusiastic commentary on the 1978 revelation.


Bruce R. McConkie and Eugene England

Elder McConkie’s correspondence with Eugene England highlights the tension that sometimes exists between intellectuals and leaders of the Church.

Eugene England was a prominent Latter-day Saint scholar who often sought the approbation of church leaders—and who often received rebukes in reply. His ideas were progressive for his day, but are now more-or-less the prevailing viewpoints within the church. England also had difficulty reading social cues, and that inadequacy fueled a contentious relationship with Bruce R. McConkie (and other general authorities).

Learn more. We have entire articles on Eugene England and Bruce R. McConkie’s correspondence with England. They’re both worth reading to better understand the personalities and nuances involved.


Backstory

England had taught some ideas at BYU about God’s progression as found in the King Follet Sermon. He traced the idea through history, name-dropping general authorities like Brigham Young, B. H. Roberts, Hugh B. Brown, and Spencer W. Kimball.

The topic was (and is) controversial—and England’s advocacy provoked powerful responses from the McConkie family. Joseph Fielding McConkie gave a scathing rebuke in a BYU lecture. And nearly a year later, Elder McConkie censured England in his BYU Devotional, “The Seven Deadly Heresies.”

England was likely hurt by the public criticism, but he wasn’t deterred. He remained persistent in his desire to find a way to faithfully embrace diverse teachings from general authorities. It was important for him to show church members that prophets could still be prophets even when they disagreed.

So, he wrote to Elder McConkie. England emphasized he had revised a paper on the subject so that his viewpoints were more aligned with the Apostle’s teachings. Unaware of just how deeply he’d offended McConkie, England asked for the Apostle’s feedback on the revised version of his paper.

He hoped that his gesture would demonstrate his sincere humility and help create unity—but it only fanned the flames.

Elder McConkie publicly denounced England’s ideas a second time in his October 1980 general conference talk. And a few months later, he wrote England the infamous 10-page letter.


The letter

It was a “blistering” critique of England and his ideology, according to Kristine Haglund. Elder McConkie dissected England’s teachings, expressed concern for his spiritual well-being, and said that there couldn’t be a middle ground on the issue.

“It is my province to teach to the Church what the doctrine is,” McConkie wrote. “It is your province to echo what I say or to remain silent.”

The letter was leaked, quickly spread, and caused no small amount of controversy. Even today, it’s one of the first things you come across when doing Google searches about Bruce R. McConkie.

England was deeply hurt, but tried to align with Elder McConkie’s counsel. He agreed not to speak about the issue again. However, he later changed his mind and came to believe that refraining from the discussion was a mistake.

England would eventually publish the controversial paper two times. Later in life, the Latter-day Saint intellectual would say:

One of the most troubled times of my life came about when I failed to make the distinction between Brother and Brethren.

Eugene England, 1993

Ironically, England helped exacerbate tension when one of his goals was to find a way to faithfully assimilate differences of opinion.

He died in 2001, leaving behind a complex legacy. Biographer Terryl Givens has said that Eugene England was both an unrealized ideal and a cautionary tale.

Editorial Note. This is a complex issue with a great deal of documentation highlighting the perspectives of both Bruce R. McConkie and Eugene England. Those wanting to learn more may want to read “Stretching the Heavens” by Terryl Givens. It shines both a compassionate and critical light on England’s role.


Bruce R. McConkie quotes

We have an entire page devoted to nothing but Bruce R. McConkie quotes. You can explore there for snippets from his teachings about topics like faith, marriage, and testimony. We’ve also included a few quotes that are probably most-closely associated with his name today (other than his final testimony).

I believe that the most important single thing that any Latter-day Saint ever does in this world is to marry the right person, in the right place, by the right authority.

Agency or Inspiration—Which?

Forget everything that I have said, or what President Brigham Young or President George Q. Cannon or whomsoever has said in days past that is contrary to the present revelation. We spoke with a limited understanding and without the light and knowledge that now has come into the world.

All Are Alike unto God

I believe in Christ, he is my king;

With all my heart to him I’ll sing;

I’ll raise my voice in praise and joy,

In grand amens my tongue employ.

“I Believe in Christ,” written by Bruce R. McConkie

Bruce R. McConkie FAQ

When did Bruce R. McConkie become an apostle?

Bruce R. McConkie was called to be an Apostle by Harold B. Lee in October 1972. He filled a vacancy created by the death of his father-in-law, Joseph Fielding Smith.


Who wrote the chapter headings in the Book of Mormon?

Bruce R. McConkie wrote the chapter headings in the Book of Mormon for the 1979–81 scriptures. He also solicited input and criticism from other members of the Scriptures Publication Committee, including Robert J. Matthews, Ellis T. Rasmussen, Robert C. Patch, and William James Mortimer.


How much is a first edition of Mormon Doctrine?

The price for a first edition copy of Mormon Doctrine depends on criteria such as the quality of the book, its provenance, and whether it’s signed by Elder McConkie. However, most copies typically sell for around $300–$500.


How old was Bruce R. McConkie when he died?

Bruce R. McConkie died a few months before turning 70. He passed away from complications of cancer roughly two weeks after sharing his final testimony in general conference.


Is James W. McConkie III related to Bruce R. McConkie?

Elder James W. McConkie III is Elder Bruce R. McConkie’s grand-nephew. His grandfather, James McConkie, was the brother of Bruce R. McConkie.


Was Bruce R. McConkie excommunicated?

No, Bruce R. McConkie was a faithful church member for his entire life. At the time of his death in April 1985, he had served as a general authority in the church for almost forty years.


Further reading

Bruce R. McConkie resources

  • The Purifying Power of Gethsemane (Link)
  • BYU Speeches: McConkie Archive (Link)
  • Bruce R. McConkie: Highlights From His Life and Teachings (Link)
  • From Father to Son: Joseph F. McConkie on Gospel Teaching (Link)
  • Elder Bruce R. McConkie’s Son Shares His Father’s Legacy (Link)

Sources

“Approaching Latter-day Saint Doctrine.” (Church Newsroom)

Bruce R. McConkie. “All Are Alike unto God.” (BYU Speeches)

Bruce R. McConkie. “Agency or Inspiration—Which?” (BYU Speeches)

Bruce R. McConkie. “The Lord God of the Restoration.” (October 1980)

Bruce R. McConkie. “The Purifying Power of Gethsemane.” (April 1985)

Bruce R. McConkie. “The Seven Deadly Heresies.” (BYU Speeches)

Cassandra S. Hedelius. “Attacking Rather Than Defending.” (Interpreter)

Chad Nielsen. “Let’s Talk About Race and Priesthood.”

Chad Nielsen. “The King Follett Sermon: A Biography.”

Chad Nielsen. “What Did Spencer W. Kimball Write About in His Journal?

David John Buerger. “Speaking with Authority: The Theological Influence of Elder Bruce R. McConkie.” (Sunstone PDF)

Dennis B. Horne. “Mormon Book Bits #33: Bruce R. McConkie, Sound Doctrine, Doctrines of Salvation (3 vols), Mormon Doctrine, and A New Witness for the Articles of Faith.” (Truth Will Prevail)

Dennis B. Horne. “Mormon Book Bits #34: Joseph Fielding McConkie, The Bruce R. McConkie Story: Reflections of a Son (2003).” (Truth Will Prevail)

Dennis B. Horne. “Mormon Book Bits #35: Dennis B. Horne, Bruce R. McConkie: Highlights from His Life and Teachings, 1st and 2nd enlarged edition (2000 and 2010).” (Truth Will Prevail)

E. Dale LeBaron. “Revelation on the Priesthood, Thirty-Five Years Later.” (Religious Educator)

Edward L. Kimball. “Lengthen Your Stride: The Presidency of Spencer W. Kimball.” (Deseret Book)

Edward L. Kimball. “Spencer W. Kimball.” (Bookcraft)

Edward L. Kimball. “Spencer W. Kimball and the Revelation on Priesthood.” (BYU Studies)

Gerry Avant. “Recalling an Interview with Sister Amelia Smith McConkie—Wife of an Apostle, Daughter of a Prophet” (Church News)

Gospel Tangents. “161: Bruce R. McConkie Wrote Official Declaration 2! (Part 7 of 13 Matt Harris). (Gospel Tangents)

Greg Prince. “Email to Kurt Manwaring, March 28, 2024.”

Greg Prince. “David O. McKay and the Rise of Modern Mormonism.” (University of Utah Press)

“In Memoriam: Elder Bruce R. McConkie, Advocate for Truth.” (Ensign)

Jan Francisco. “Elias: Prophet of the Restoration.” (Interpreter)

Joseph Fielding McConkie. “Men and Women of Faith.” (Church History)

Joseph Fielding McConkie. “The Bruce R. McConkie Story: Reflections of a Son.” (Deseret Book, Out of Print)

Kristine Haglund. “Eugene England: A Mormon Liberal.” (University of Illinois Press)

Kurt Manwaring. “Bruce R. McConkie and Eugene England.”

Kurt Manwaring. “Elder McConkie’s Personal Account of the 1978 Priesthood Revelation.”

Kurt Manwaring. “Interview with Ken Brown, 1/19/20.” (Unpublished).

Kurt Manwaring. “Latter-day Saints and the American Apocalypse with Christopher Blythe.

Kurt Manwaring. “Personal Account of Amelia Smith McConkie Interview.” (Unpublished)

Kurt Manwaring. “Meet Biographer Dennis B. Horne.”

Kurt Manwaring. “Mormon Doctrine and Bruce R. McConkie, with Dennis B. Horne.”

Mark L. McConkie. “Doctrines of the Restoration: Sermons and Writings of Bruce R. McConkie.” (Bookcraft)

Michael De Groote. “And It Came to Print: Creating a New LDS Version of the Bible.” (Deseret News)

Newell G. Bringhurst. “Harold B. Lee: Life and Thought.” (Signature Books)

“Oscar W. McConkie, Jr. Remembered.” (Kirton & McConkie)

Peggy Fletcher Stack. “Landmark ‘Mormon Doctrine’ Goes Out of Print.” (Salt Lake Tribune)

Philip Barlow. “Mormons and the Bible in the Late Twentieth Century.” (Oxford University Press)

“Race and the Priesthood.” (Gospel Topics Essays)

Rebecca England. “A Professor and Apostle Correspond: Eugene England and Bruce R. McConkie on the Nature of God.” (Eugene England Foundation)

Richard E. Turley Jr. “Victims: The LDS Church and the Mark Hofmann Case.” (University of Illinois Press)

Richard E. Turley Jr. and Darius Gray. “The June 1978 Revelation on the Priesthood.” (Widtsoe Foundation)

Scott Woodward and Casey Griffiths. “Race, Priesthood, and Temple, 7 Episodes.” (Church History Matters)

Stephen O. Smoot. “Appendix III: Elder Bruce R. McConkie’s Proposed Additions to the Pearl of Great Price.” (Bible Central)

Stirling Adams. “The End of Bruce R. McConkie’s ‘Mormon Doctrine.'” (JWHA)

Tad Walch. “New Edition of Scriptures Was Unifier.” (Deseret News)

Terryl Givens. “Stretching the Heavens: The Life of Eugene England and the Crisis of Modern Mormonism.” (UNC Press)

Thomas E. Sherry and W. Jeffrey Marsh. “Precious Truths Restored: Joseph Smith Translation Changes Not Included in Our Bible.” (Religious Educator)

W. Paul Reeve. “Let’s Talk About Race and Priesthood.” (Deseret Book)

By Kurt Manwaring

Writer. History nerd. Latter-day Saint.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Exit mobile version