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Book of Abraham Pearl of Great Price

The Ultimate Book of Abraham Bibliography

This Book of Abraham bibliography organizes some of the most important sources.

The Book of Abraham comprises only 15 pages of printed scripture, but there are hundreds of books, periodicals, and other articles detailing its history and theology. This Book of Abraham bibliography compiled by Stephen Smoot, John Gee, Kerry Muhlestein, and John Thompson organizes some of the most important sources on topics such as the Joseph Smith papyri, the ancient world of the Egyptians, and the facsimiles found in the Pearl of Great Price.


This bibliography was originally published in BYU Studies 61:4: A Guide to the Book of Abraham. Republished with permission.


Table of contents


General Reference Works and Monographs

Clark, E. Douglas. The Blessings of Abraham: Becoming a Zion People. American Fork, Utah: Covenant Communications, 2005.

Draper, Richard D., S. Kent Brown, and Michael D. Rhodes. The Pearl of Great Price: A Verse-­by-­Verse Commentary. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2005.

Gee, John. An Introduction to the Book of Abraham. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University; Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2017.

———. “Joseph Smith and Ancient Egypt.” In Approaching Antiquity: Joseph Smith and the Ancient World, edited by Lincoln H. Blumell, Matthew J. Grey, and Andrew H. Hedges, 427–48. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University; Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2015.

Gee, John, and Brian M. Hauglid, comps. and eds. Astronomy, Papyrus, and Covenant. Studies in the Book of Abraham 3. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2005.

Givens, Terryl, with Brian M. Hauglid. The Pearl of Greatest Price: Mormonism’s Most Controversial Scripture. New York: Oxford University Press, 2019.

Jensen, Robin S., Kerry Muhlestein, and Scott C. Esplin. “Discussing Difficult Topics: The Book of Abraham.” Religious Educator 21, no. 3 (2020): 117–37.

Latter-day Saint scholars discuss some of the history found in this Book of Abraham bibliography.

Johnson, Mark J. “Scriptures with Pictures: Methodology, Unexamined Assumptions, and the Study of the Book of Abraham.” Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture 25 (2017): 1–59.

Largey, Dennis L., ed. The Pearl of Great Price Reference Companion. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2017.

Millet, Robert L., and Kent P. Jackson, eds. Studies in Scriptures, Volume 2: The Pearl of Great Price. Salt Lake City: Randall Book, 1985.

Morris, Larry E. “The Book of Abraham: Ask the Right Questions and Keep on Looking.” FARMS Review 16, no. 2 (2004): 355–80.

Muhlestein, Kerry. “Approaching Understandings in the Book of Abraham.” FARMS Review 18, no. 2 (2006): 229–46.

———. “Egyptian Papyri and the Book of Abraham: A Faithful, Egyptological Point of View.” In No Weapon Shall Prosper: New Light on Sensitive Issues, edited by Robert L. Millet, 217–43. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University; Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2011.

———. “Egyptian Papyri and the Book of Abraham: Some Questions and Answers.” Religious Educator 11, no. 1 (2010): 91–106.

———. “The Explanation-­Defying Book of Abraham.” In A Reason for Faith: Navigating LDS Doctrine and Church History, edited by Laura Harris Hales, 79–91. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book; Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2016.

———. “Joseph Smith and Egyptian Artifacts: A Model for Evaluating the Prophetic Nature of the Prophet’s Ideas about the Ancient World.” BYU Studies Quarterly 55, no. 3 (2016): 35–82.

———. “Joseph Smith’s Biblical View of Egypt.” In Approaching Antiquity: Joseph Smith and the Ancient World, edited by Lincoln H. Blumell, Matthew J. Grey, and Andrew H. Hedges, 449–73. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center; Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2015.

———. Let’s Talk about the Book of Abraham. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2022.

Peterson, H. Donl. “Origin of the Book of Abraham.” In Encyclopedia of Mormonism, edited by Daniel H. Ludlow, 1:132–34. 4 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1992.

———. The Pearl of Great Price: A History and Commentary. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1987.

Peterson, H. Donl, and Charles D. Tate, eds. The Pearl of Great Price: Revelations from God. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1989.

Rhodes, Michael D. “Studies about the Book of Abraham.” In Encyclopedia of Mormonism, edited by Daniel H. Ludlow, 1:137–38. 4 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1992.

Smoot, Stephen O. “Framing the Book of Abraham: Presumptions and Paradigms.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-­day Saint Faith and Scholarship 47 (2021): 263–338.

———. “‘From the Catecombs of Egypt’: Latter-­day Saint Engagement with Ancient Egypt and the Contest of Religious Identity.” Journal of Mormon History 46, no. 4 (Fall 2020): 1–44.

Whipple, Walter L. “An Analysis of Textual Changes in ‘The Book of Abraham’ and in the ‘Writings of Joseph Smith, the Prophet’ in the Pearl of Great Price.” Master’s thesis, Brigham Young University, 1959.


The Joseph Smith Papyri

Baer, Klaus. “The Breathing Permit of Hôr: A Translation of the Apparent Source of the Book of Abraham.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 3, no. 3 (Fall 1968): 109–34.

Barney, Quinten. “The Joseph Smith Papyri and the Writings of Joseph of Egypt.” Journal of Mormon History 42, no. 2 (Spring 2016): 95–109.

Clark, James R. “Joseph Smith and the Lebolo Egyptian Papyri.” BYU Studies 8, no. 2 (Winter 1968): 195–203.

D.L.G. “New Light on Joseph Smith’s Egyptian Papyri: Additional Fragment Disclosed.” Improvement Era 71, no. 2 (February 1968): 40.

Gee, John. “The Ancient Owners of the Joseph Smith Papyri.” FARMS Report (1999).

———. “Eyewitness, Hearsay, and Physical Evidence of the Joseph Smith Papyri.” In The Disciple as Witness: Essays on Latter-­day Saint History and Doctrine in Honor of Richard Lloyd Anderson, edited by ­Stephen D. Ricks, Donald W. Parry, and Andrew H. Hedges, 175–217. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2000.

———. “Formulas and Faith.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 21, no. 1 (2012): 60–65.

———. A Guide to the Joseph Smith Papyri. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2000.

———. “A History of the Joseph Smith Papyri and Book of Abraham.” FARMS Report (1999).

———. “New Light on the Joseph Smith Papyri.” FARMS Review 19, no. 2 (2007): 245–59.

———. “Some Puzzles from the Joseph Smith Papyri.” FARMS Review 20, no. 1 (2008): 113–37.

Muhlestein, Kerry. “Assessing the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Introduction to the Historiography of Their Acquisitions, Translations, and Interpretations.” Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture 22 (2016): 17–49.

———. “The Book of Breathings in Its Place.” FARMS Review 17, no. 2 (2005): 471–86.

———. “Papyri and Presumptions: A Careful Examination of the Eyewitness Accounts Associated with the Joseph Smith Papyri.” Journal of Mormon History 42, no. 4 (October 2016): 31–50.

———. “The Religious and Cultural Background of Joseph Smith Papyrus I.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 22, no. 1 (2013): 20–33.

Muhlestein, Kerry, and Alexander L. Baugh. “Preserving the Joseph Smith Papyri Fragments: What Can We Learn from the Paper on Which the Papyri Were Mounted?” Journal of Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 22, no. 2 (2013): 66–83.

Peterson, H. Donl. “Antonio Lebolo: Excavator of the Book of Abraham.” BYU Studies 31, no. 3 (Summer 1991): 5–29.

———. “Sacred Writings from the Tombs of Egypt.” In The Pearl of Great Price: Revelations from God, edited by H. Donl Peterson and Charles D. Tate Jr., 137–53. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1989.

Rhodes, Michael D. Books of the Dead Belonging to Tshemmin and Neferirnub: A Translation and Commentary. Provo, Utah: Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship, 2010.

———. The Hor Book of Breathings: A Translation and Commentary. Studies in the Book of Abraham 2. Edited by John Gee. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2002.

Todd, Jay M. “Background of the Church Historian’s Fragment.” Improvement Era 71, no. 2 (February 1968): 41–49.

———. “Egyptian Papyri Rediscovered.” Improvement Era 71, no. 1 (January 1968): 12–16.

Wilson, John A. “The Joseph Smith Egyptian Papyri: Translations and Interpretations: A Summary Report.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 3, no. 2 (Summer 1968): 67–85.


The Coming Forth and Translation of the Book of Abraham

Brown, Samuel Morris. “The Egyptian Bible and the Cosmic Order.” Chap. 6 in Joseph Smith’s Translation: The Words and Worlds of Early Mormonism, 193–232. New York: Oxford University Press, 2020.

———. “Joseph (Smith) in Egypt: Babel, Hieroglyphs, and the Pure Language of Eden.” Church History 78, no. 1 (2009): 26–65.

Gee, John. “Fantasy and Reality in the Translation of the Book of Abraham.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-­day Saint Faith and Scholarship 42 (2021): 127–70.

———. “Prolegomena to a Study of the Egyptian Alphabet Documents in the Joseph Smith Papers.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-­day Saint Faith and Scholarship 42 (2021): 77–98.

———. “The Role of the Book of Abraham in the Restoration.” FARMS Report (1997).

Grey, Matthew J. “Approaching Egyptian Papyri through Biblical Language: Joseph Smith’s Use of Hebrew in His Translation of the Book of Abraham.” In Producing Ancient Scripture: Joseph Smith’s Translation Projects in the Development of Mormon Christianity, edited by Michael Hubbard MacKay, Mark Ashurst-­McGee, and Brian M. Hauglid, 390–451. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2020.

———. “‘The Word of the Lord in the Original’: Joseph Smith’s Study of Hebrew in Kirtland.” In Approaching Antiquity: Joseph Smith and the Ancient World, edited by Lincoln H. Blumell, Matthew J. Grey, and Andrew H. Hedges, 249–302. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University; Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2015.

Haggerty, Charles Edward. “A Study of the Book of Abraham.” Master’s thesis, Brigham Young University, 1946.

Hedges, Andrew H. “A Wanderer in a Strange Land: Abraham in America, 1800–1850.” In Astronomy, Papyrus, and Covenant, compiled and edited by John Gee and Brian M. Hauglid, 175–187. Studies in the Book of Abraham 3. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2005.

Lindsay, Jeff. “A Precious Resource with Some Gaps.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-­day Saint Faith and Scholarship 33 (2019): 13–104.

Muhlestein, Kerry. “Papyri and Presumptions: A Careful Examination of the Eyewitness Accounts Associated with the Joseph Smith Papyri.” Journal of Mormon History 42, no. 4 (2016): 31–50.

———. “Prelude to the Pearl: Sweeping Events Leading to the Discovery of the Book of Abraham.” in Prelude to the Restoration: From Apostasy to the Restored Church, 130–41. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book; Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004.

Muhlestein, Kerry, and Megan Hansen. “‘The Work of Translating’: The Book of Abraham’s Translation Chronology.” In Let Us Reason Together: Essays in Honor of the Life’s Work of Robert L. Millet, edited by J. Spencer Fluhman and Brent L. Top, 139–62. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center and Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship, Brigham Young University; Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2016.

Peterson, H. Donl. The Story of the Book of Abraham: Mummies, Manuscripts, and Mormonism. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1995.

———. “Translation and Publication of the Book of Abraham.” In Encyclopedia of Mormonism, edited by Daniel H. Ludlow, 1:134. 4 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1992.

Sandberg, Karl C. “Knowing Brother Joseph Again: The Book of Abraham and Joseph Smith as Translator.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 22, no. 4 (Winter 1989): 17–37.

Smoot, Stephen O. “Did Joseph Smith Use a Seer Stone in the Translation of the Book of Abraham?” Religious Educator 23, no. 2 (2022): 65–107.

Thompson, John S. “‘We May Not Understand Our Words’: The Book of Abraham and the Concept of Translation in The Pearl of Greatest Price.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-­day Saint Faith and Scholarship 41 (2020): 1–48.

Todd, Jay M. The Saga of the Book of Abraham. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1969.

Walton, Michael T. “Professor Seixas, the Hebrew Bible, and the Book of Abraham.” Sunstone 6, no. 2 (March–April 1981): 41–43.

Wilcox, Matthew Porter. “The Coming Forth of the Book of Abraham.” In 2009 BYU Religious Education Student Symposium, 105–21. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2009.

Zucker, Louis C. “Joseph Smith as a Student of Hebrew.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 3, no. 2 (Summer 1968): 41–55.


Book of Abraham Manuscripts

Hauglid, Brian M, ed. A Textual History of the Book of Abraham: Manuscripts and Editions. Studies in the Book of Abraham 5. Edited by John Gee and Brian M. Hauglid. Provo, Utah: Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship, 2010.

Jensen, Robin Scott, and Brian M. Hauglid, eds. Revelations and Translations, Volume 4: Book of Abraham and Related Manuscripts. Facsimile edition. Joseph Smith Papers. Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2018.

Rogers, Brent M., and others, eds. Documents, Volume 5: October 1835–January 1838, 69–88. Joseph Smith Papers. Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2017.

Smith, Alex D., Christian K. Heimburger, and Christopher James Blythe, eds. Documents, Volume 9: December 1841–April 1842, 251–64. Joseph Smith Papers. Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2019.


The Book of Abraham in the Ancient World

Adams, William James, Jr. “Human Sacrifice and the Book of Abraham.” BYU Studies 9, no. 4 (Summer 1969): 473–80.

Barney, Kevin. “On Elkenah as Canaanite El.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 19, no. 1 (2010): 22–35.

Barney, Quinten. “Sobek: The Idolatrous God of Pharaoh Amenemhet III.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 22, no. 2 (2013): 22–27.

Benson, RoseAnn. “Reexamining Lot.” Religious Educator 14, no. 1 (2013): 59–81.

Calabro, David. “The Choreography of Genesis: The Book of Abraham as a Ritual Text.” In Sacred Time, Sacred Space, and Sacred Meaning: Proceedings of the Third Interpreter Matthew B. Brown Memorial Conference, “The Temple on Mount Zion,” 5 November 2016, edited by Stephen D. Ricks and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, 241–61. Orem, Utah: The Interpreter Foundation; Salt Lake City: Eborn Books, 2020.

Clark, E. Douglas. Review of Armenian Apocrypha Relating to Abraham by Michael E. Stone. BYU Studies Quarterly 53, no. 2 (2014): 173–79.

Cook, Bradley J. “The Book of Abraham and the Islamic Qiṣaṣ al-­Anbiyāʾ (Tales of the Prophets) Extant Literature.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 33, no. 4 (Winter 2000): 127–46.

Freedman, David Noel. “The Ebla Tablets and the Abraham Tradition.” In Reflections on Mormonism: Judaeo-­Christian Parallels, edited by Truman G. Madsen, 67–78. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1978.

Gee, John. “Abraham and Idrimi.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 22, no. 1 (2013): 34–39.

———. “Abraham in Ancient Egyptian Texts.” Ensign 22, no. 7 (July 1992): 60–62.

———. “The Crocodile God of Pharaoh in Mesopotamia.” Insights: An Ancient Window [FARMS newsletter] (October 1996): 2.

———. “An Egyptian View of Abraham.” In Bountiful Harvest: Essays in Honor of S. Kent Brown, edited by Andrew C. Skinner, D. Morgan Davis, and Carl Griffin, 137–56. Provo, Utah: Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship, 2011.

———. “Four Idolatrous Gods in the Book of Abraham.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-­day Saint Faith and Scholarship 38 (2020): 133–51.

———. “Has Olishem Been Discovered?” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 22, no. 2 (2013): 104–7.

———. “The Wanderings of Abraham.” In From Creation to Sinai: The Old Testament through the Lens of the Restoration, edited by Daniel L. Belnap and Aaron P. Schade, 251–78. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University; Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2021.

———. “‘The Wind and the Fire to Be My Chariot’: The Anachronism That Wasn’t.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-­day Saint Faith and Scholarship 50 (2022): 299–320.

Gee, John, and Stephen D. Ricks. “Historical Plausibility: The Historicity of the Book of Abraham as a Case Study.” In Historicity and the Latter-­day Saint Scriptures, edited by Paul Y. Hoskisson, 63–98. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2001.

Givens, Terryl L. When Souls Had Wings: Pre-­mortal Existence in Western Thought. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Halverson, Taylor. “The Lives of Abraham: Seeing Abraham through the Eyes of Second-­Temple Jews.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-­day Saint Faith and Scholarship 32 (2019): 253–76.

Hauglid, Brian M. “The Book of Abraham and Muslim Tradition.” In Astronomy, Papyrus, and Covenant, compiled and edited by John Gee and Brian M. Hauglid, 131–46. Studies in the Book of Abraham 3. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2005.

Hopkin, Shon D. “The Covenant among Covenants: The Abrahamic Covenant and Biblical Covenant Making.” In From Creation to Sinai: The Old Testament through the Lens of the Restoration, edited by Daniel L. Belnap and Aaron P. Schade, 235–42, 247–48. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University; Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2021.

Hoskisson, Paul Y. “Where Was Ur of the Chaldees?” In The Pearl of Great Price: Revelations from God, edited by H. Donl Peterson and Charles D. Tate Jr., 119–36. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1989.

Ludlow, Jared W. “Abraham’s Vision of the Heavens.” In Astronomy, Papyrus, and Covenant, compiled and edited by John Gee and Brian M. Hauglid, 57–73. Studies in the Book of Abraham 3. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2005.

Lundquist, John M. “Was Abraham at Ebla? A Cultural Background of the Book of Abraham.” In Studies in Scriptures, Volume 2: The Pearl of Great Price, edited by Robert L. Millet and Kent P. Jackson, 225–37. Sandy, Utah: Randall Book, 1985.

Mackay, Thomas W. “Abraham in Egypt: A Collation of Evidence for the Case of the Missing Wife.” BYU Studies 10, no. 4 (Summer 1970): 429–51.

Matthews, Robert J. “Whose Apocrypha? Viewing Ancient Apocrypha from the Vantage of Events in the Present Dispensation.” In Apocryphal Writings and the Latter-­day Saints, edited by C. Wilfred Griggs, 1–18. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1986.

Muhlestein, Kerry. “The Religious and Cultural Background of Joseph Smith Papyrus I.” Journal of Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 22, no. 1 (2013): 20–33.

Muhlestein, Kerry, and John Gee. “An Egyptian Context for the Sacrifice of Abraham.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 20, no. 2 (2011): 70–77.

Nadig, Peter C. “‘We Beg You, Our King!’: Some Reflections on the Jews in Persian and Ptolemaic Egypt.” In Astronomy, Papyrus, and Covenant, compiled and edited by John Gee and Brian M. Hauglid, 83–93. Studies in the Book of Abraham 3. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2005.

Olson, Eric Jay. “We Are Told That the Book of Abraham Is a Translation of an Ancient Egyptian Record, Yet It Seems to Be Written for Non-­Egyptian Readers. To Whom Is Abraham Writing?” Ensign 12, no. 6 (June 1982): 35–36.

Peterson, Daniel C. “News from Antiquity.” Ensign 24, no. 1 (January 1994): 16–21.

Pike, Dana M. “Before Jeremiah Was: Divine Election in the Ancient Near East.” In A Witness for the Restoration: Essays in Honor of Robert J. Matthews, edited by Kent P. Jackson and Andrew C. Skinner, 33–59. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2007.

Ricks, Stephen D. “The Early Ministry of Abraham (Abraham 1 and 2).” In Studies in Scriptures, Volume 2: The Pearl of Great Price, edited by Robert L. Millet and Kent P. Jackson, 217–24. Salt Lake City: Randall Book, 1985.

Shannon, Avram R. “Abraham: A Man of Relationships.” In From Creation to Sinai: The Old Testament through the Lens of the Restoration, edited by Daniel L. Belnap and Aaron P. Schade, 279–309. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University; Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2021.

Smith, Julie M. “A Note on Chiasmus in Abraham 3:22–23.” Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture 8 (2014): 187–90.

Smoot, Stephen O. “Council, Chaos, and Creation in the Book of Abraham.” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 22, no. 2 (2013): 28–39.

———. “‘In the Land of the Chaldeans’: The Search for Abraham’s Homeland Revisited.” BYU Studies Quarterly 56, no. 3 (2017): 7–37.

———. “‘Thou Wast Chosen before Thou Wast Born’: An Egyptian Context for the Election of Abraham.” Religious Educator 22, no. 1 (2021): 101–21.

Smoot, Stephen O., and Kerry Muhlestein. “Prophets, Pagans, and Papyri: The Jews of Greco-­Roman Egypt and the Transmission of the Book of Abraham.” BYU Studies Quarterly 61, no. 2 (2022): 105–34.

Smoot, Stephen O., and Quinten Barney. “The Book of the Dead as a Temple Text and the Implications for the Book of Abraham.” In The Temple: Ancient and Restored: Proceedings of the Interpreter Matthew B. Brown Memorial Conference, The Temple on Mount Zion, 25 October 2014, edited by Stephen D. Ricks and Donald W. Parry, 183–209. Temple on Mount Zion Series 3. Orem, Utah: Interpreter Foundation; Salt Lake City: Eborn Books, 2016.

Strathearn, Gaye. “The Wife/Sister Experience: Pharaoh’s Introduction to Jehovah.” In Sperry Symposium Classics: The Old Testament, edited by Paul Y. Hoskisson, 100–116. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University; Salt Lake City: Deseret Book 2005.

Thompson, John S. “‘Being of That Lineage’: Generational Curses and Inheritance in the Book of Abraham.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-­day Saint Faith and Scholarship 54 (2022): 97–146.

Thompson, Stephen E. “Contents of the Book of Abraham.” In Encyclopedia of Mormonism, edited by Daniel H. Ludlow, 1:135. 4 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1992.

Tvedtnes, John A. “Abrahamic Lore in Support of the Book of Abraham.” FARMS Report (1999).

Tvedtnes, John A., Brian M. Hauglid, and John Gee, comps. and eds. Traditions about the Early Life of Abraham. Studies in the Book of Abraham 1. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2001.

Wernick, Nissim. “A Critical Analysis of the Book of Abraham in the Light of Extra-­canonical Jewish Writings.” PhD diss., Brigham Young University, 1968.


Abrahamic Astronomy

Dibble, William E. “The Book of Abraham and Pythagorean Astronomy.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 8, no. 3 (Fall/Winter 1973): 135–38.

Gee, John, William J. Hamblin, and Daniel C. Peterson. “‘And I Saw the Stars’: The Book of Abraham and Ancient Geocentric Astronomy.” In Astronomy, Papyrus, and Covenant, compiled and edited by John Gee and Brian M. Hauglid, 1–16. Studies in the Book of Abraham 3. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2005.

Moody, J. Ward. “Times of Reckoning and Set Times in Abraham 3.” Interpreter: A Journal of Latter-­day Saint Faith and Scholarship 38 (2020): 1–14.

Muhlestein, Kerry. “Encircling Astronomy and the Egyptians: An Approach to Abraham 3.” Religious Educator 10, no. 1 (2009): 33–50.

Rhodes, Michael D., and J. Ward Moody. “Astronomy and Creation in the Book of Abraham.” In Astronomy, Papyrus, and Covenant, edited by John Gee and Brian M. Hauglid, 17–36. Studies in the Book of Abraham 3. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2005.


The Facsimiles of the Book of Abraham

Barney, Kevin L. “The Facsimiles and Semitic Adaptation of Existing Sources.” In Astronomy, Papyrus, and Covenant, compiled and edited by John Gee and Brian M. Hauglid, 107–30. Studies in the Book of Abraham 3. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2005.

Barney, Quinten. “The Neglected Facsimile: An Examination and Comparative Study of Facsimile No. 3 of The Book of Abraham.” Master’s thesis, Brigham Young University, 2019.

Johnson, Hollis R. “One Day to a Cubit.” Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture 3 (2013): 223–30.

Gee, John. “Abracadabra, Isaac, and Jacob.” Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 7, no. 1 (1995): 19–85.

———. “Facsimile 3 and Book of the Dead 125.” In Astronomy, Papyrus, and Covenant, compiled and edited by John Gee and Brian M. Hauglid, 95–105. Studies in the Book of Abraham 3. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2005.

———. “A Method for Studying the Facsimiles.” FARMS Review 19, no. 1 (2007): 347–53.

———. “Notes on the Sons of Horus.” FARMS Report (1991).

———. “Shulem, One of the King’s Principal Waiters.” Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture 19 (2016): 383–95.

Ostler, Blake T. “Abraham: An Egyptian Connection.” FARMS Report (1981).

Rhodes, Michael D. “Facsimiles from the Book of Abraham.” In Encyclopedia of Mormonism, edited by Daniel H. Ludlow, 1:135–37. 4 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1992.

———. “The Joseph Smith Hypocephalus . . . Twenty Years Later.” Unpublished manuscript, [1997]. Accessed December 20, 2022. https://www.magicgatebg.com/Books/Joseph%20Smith%20Hypocephalus.pdf.

———. “A Translation and Commentary of the Joseph Smith Hypocepha­lus.” BYU Studies 17, no. 3 (Spring 1977): 259–74.

———. “Teaching the Book of Abraham Facsimiles.” Religious Educator 4, no. 2 (2003): 115–23.


Doctrine and Teachings of the Book of Abraham

Goodman, Michael A. “The Abrahamic Covenant: A Foundational Theme for the Old Testament.” Religious Educator 4, no. 3 (2003): 43–53.

Hovorka, Janet. “Sarah and Hagar: Ancient Women of the Abrahamic Covenant.” In Astronomy, Papyrus, and Covenant, compiled and edited by John Gee and Brian M. Hauglid, 147–66. Studies in the Book of Abraham 3. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2005.

Jackson, Kent P. “The Abrahamic Covenant: A Blessing for All People.” Ensign 20, no. 2 (February 1990): 50–53.

———. “The Book of Abraham.” Chap. 20 in From Apostasy to Restoration, 210–17. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1996.

———. “The Covenant of Abraham” and “Matriarchs and Patriarchs.” Chaps. 11 and 12 of The Restored Gospel and the Book of Genesis, 127–52. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2001.

McConkie, Joseph F. “Premortal Existence, Foreordinations, and Heavenly Councils.” In Apocryphal Writings and the Latter-­day Saints, edited by C. Wilfred Griggs, 173–98. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1986.

Muhlestein, Kerry. “The Book of Abraham, Revelation, and You.” Ensign 48, no. 12 (December 2018): 54–57.

Nyman, Monte S. “The Covenant of Abraham.” In The Pearl of Great Price: Revelations from God, edited by H. Donl Peterson and Charles D. Tate Jr., 155–70. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1989.

Rhodes, Michael D. “The Scriptural Accounts of the Creation: A Scientific Perspective.” In Converging Paths to Truth: The Summerhays Lectures on Science and Religion, edited by Michael D. Rhodes and J. Ward Moody, 123–49. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University; Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2011.

Skinner, Andrew. “The Book of Abraham: A Most Remarkable Book.” Ensign 27, no. 3 (March 1997): 16–22.

Taketa, Kathryn. “Premortality in the Pearl of Great Price and the Qur’an.” In Selections from the Religious Education Student Symposium, 2004, 203–17. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004.

Wilcox, S. Michael. “The Abrahamic Covenant.” Ensign 28, no. 1 (January 1998): 42–48.

Winston, David. “Preexistence in Hellenic, Judaic, and Mormon Sources.” In Reflections on Mormonism: Judaeo-­Christian Parallels, edited by Truman G. Madsen, 13–35. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1978.


Hugh Nibley (ordered chronologically)

“A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price” series (1968–1970):

“Part I. Challenge and Response.” Improvement Era 71, no. 1 (January 1968): 18–25.

“Part I. Challenge and Response (Continued).” Improvement Era 71, no. 2 (February 1968): 14–21.

“Part I. Challenge and Response (Continued).” Improvement Era 71, no. 3 (March 1968): 16–22.

“Part I. Challenge and Response (Continued).” Improvement Era 71, no. 4 (April 1968): 64–69.

“Part 2. May We See Your Credentials?” Improvement Era 71, no. 5 (May 1968): 54–57.

“Part 2. May We See Your Credentials? (Continued).” Improvement Era 71, no. 6 (June 1968): 18–22.

“Part 3. Empaneling the Panel.” Improvement Era 71, no. 7 (July 1968): 48–55.

“[Part 4:] Second String.” Improvement Era 71, no. 8 (August 1968): 53–64.

“Facsimile No. 1, a Unique Document, Part 5.” Improvement Era 71, no. 9 (September 1968): 66–80.

“Part 5: Facsimile No. 1, a Unique Document.” Improvement Era 71, no. 10 (October 1968): 73–81.

“Part 6: Facsimile No. 1, a Unique Document.” Improvement Era 71, no. 11 (November 1968): 36–44.

“Part 6 (Continued): Facsimile No. 1, a Unique Document.” Improvement Era 71, no. 12 (December 1968) 28–33.

“The Unknown Abraham, Part 7.” Improvement Era 72, no. 1 (January 1969): 26–33.

“The Unknown Abraham, Part 7 (Continued).” Improvement Era 72, no. 2 (February 1969): 64–67.

“The Unknown Abraham, Part 7 (Continued).” Improvement Era 72, no. 3 (March 1969) 76–84.

“The Unknown Abraham, Part 7 (Continued).” Improvement Era 72, no. 4 (April 1969): 66–72.

“The Unknown Abraham, Part 8 sic.” Improvement Era 72, no. 5 (May 1969): 87–91.

“The Unknown Abraham, Part 7 (Continued).” Improvement Era 72, no. 6 (June 1969): 126–32.

“The Unknown Abraham, Part 7 (Continued).” Improvement Era 72, no. 7 (July 1969): 97–101.

“Facsimile No. 1, by the Figures (Part 8).” Improvement Era 72, no. 8 (August 1969): 101–11.

“Facsimile No. 1, by the Figures, Part 8 (Continued).” Improvement Era 72, no. 8 (August 1969): 75–87.

“Facsimile No. 1, by the Figures, Part 8 (Continued).” Improvement Era 72, no. 9 (September 1969): 85–95.

“Facsimile No. 1, by the Figures, Part 8 (Continued).” Improvement Era 72, no. 10 (October 1969): 85–88.

“Setting the Stage—the World of Abraham, Part 9.” Improvement Era 72, no. 10 (October 1969): 89–95.

“Setting the Stage—the World of Abraham (Part 9—Continued).” Improvement Era 72, no. 11 (November 1969): 116–26.

“Setting the Stage: The World of Abraham, Part 9 (Continued).” Improvement Era 73, no. 1 (January 1970): 56–65.

“The Sacrifice of Isaac, Part 10.” Improvement Era 73, no. 3 (March 1970): 84–94.

“The Sacrifice of Sarah, Part 11.” Improvement Era 73, no. 4 (April 1970): 79–95.

“Taking Stock, Conclusion.” Improvement Era 73, no. 5 (May 1970): 82–94.

“The Joseph Smith Egyptian Papyri: Translations and Interpretations: Phase One.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 3, no. 2 (Summer 1968): 99–105.

“Prolegomena to Any Study of the Book of Abraham.” BYU Studies 8, no. 2 (Winter 1968): 171–78.

“Getting Ready to Begin: An Editorial.” BYU Studies 8, no. 3 (Spring 1968): 245–54.

“As Things Stand at the Moment.” BYU Studies 9, no. 1 (Autumn 1969): 69–102.

“What Is the Book of Breathings?” BYU Studies 11, no. 2 (Winter 1971): 153–87.

“The Meaning of the Kirtland Egyptian Papers.” BYU Studies 11, no. 4 (Summer 1971): 350–99.

The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1975.

“I Have a Question: What, Exactly, Is the Purpose and Significance of the Facsimiles in the Book of Abraham?” Ensign 6, no. 3 (March 1976): 34–36.

Abraham in Egypt. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1981.

“Abraham’s Temple Drama.” In The Temple in Time and Eternity, edited by Donald W. Parry and Stephen D. Ricks, 1–42. Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999.

Abraham in Egypt. 2nd ed. Edited by Gary P. Gillum. The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley 14. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book; Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies at Brigham Young University, 2000.

“Approach to John Gee, Guide to the Joseph Smith Papyri.” FARMS Review of Books 13, no. 2 (2001): 63–64.

The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment. 2nd ed. Edited by John Gee and Michael D. Rhodes. The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley 16. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book; Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, Brigham Young University, 2005.

An Approach to the Book of Abraham. Edited by John Gee. The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley 18. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book; Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship, 2009.

And Michael D. Rhodes. One Eternal Round. The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley 19. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book; Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship, 2010.


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Book of Abraham bibliography resources

By Kurt Manwaring

Writer. History nerd. Latter-day Saint.

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